2. The Subject and Structure of the Unity in Duality - Tendrel Conference
There were two specific reasons for Tarab Rinpoche's wish to create the Unity in Duality - Tendrel Conference: the first reason was that Tarab Rinpoche had just finished a major scholarly work in Tibetan on his establishment of Unity in Duality as a philosophical - 'science of mind' paradigm, set by the interrelationships of subject-object, body-mind as well as 'energy'-matter. It is an extraction of the universal aspects of the ancient wisdom expressed in the Indo-Tibetan scriptures, which Rinpoche in this work refers back to, in order to verify this new - and at the same time ancient - creation. Secondly with this conference it was Tarab Rinpoche's special aim to introduce to Western scientists the universalities of ancient wisdom beyond its cultural or religious conditioning. In that way Rinpoche hoped to create a broader base for communication and for deepening mutual exchange, understanding and implementation of the best from the ancient and modern worlds.
However, as the Unity in Duality paradigm is not just an abstract philosophical - 'science of mind' theory, introducing this Rinpoche also intended to present how this universal knowledge of the deepest nature of human beings and of the world can be implemented directly for personal and spiritual development. Rinpoche comes from a tradition where ancient knowledge and wisdom has been applied to inner development for many thousands of years, whereas it seems like modern science has mainly been applied to outer phenomena.
Still it is Rinpoche's opinion that, fundamentally speaking, ancient knowledge and modern science reach the same points, and he hopes this becomes evident in the meeting between the Unity in Duality Paradigm and Modern Science.
Before the conference Tarab Tulku Rinpoche had distributed his paper on Unity in Duality - Tendrel to the attending scientists. In his paper Rinpoche had expounded upon the integral unity of the "four pairs of opposites" revealed by Nargajuna, and Rinpoche moreover exposed the deep interrelationship within and between the pairs of subject-object, body-mind as well as energy-matter. This paper had deeply impressed and challenged the scientists - as they later expressed it in their own unique ways. For instance, Prof. Dr. Hans-Peter Dürr started out his speech with the words: "I was very touched by the introduction that Tarab Tulku gave, and by his comment, that if we were to actually accept the implications of modern science and the ancient eastern wisdom, our view of an outer and inner world and our everyday life would change dramatically. Yes, this is what is necessary today, and that is why I am here. I totally agree with you. We may argue in slightly different ways, because we come from different poles, but the exciting thing is, that we have a lot in common."
The scientists, who represented manifold disciplines of western science (see biographies), in their lectures connected with the Tendrel - Unity in Duality view of reality, backed up by their research, in such an enthusiastic manner, so that the energy rose high among the audience, whose applauds would not take end.
THE STRUCTURE OF THE UNITY IN DUALITY- TENDREL CONFERENCE
The Unity in Duality / Tendrel conference had two parts; the Pre-conference and the Conference itself. The Pre-conference was led by Tarab Tulku Rinpoche and was honoured by the invited speakers and the presence of Prof. Dr. Richard R. Ernst, who is a Noble Prize Laureate in Chemistry; and the second part of the Pre-conference was honoured by the radiant presence of His Holiness the Dalai Lama.
The actual conference with all its manifold presentations fell into three parts: First, Tarab Tulku Rinpoche's introduction to his Unity in Duality Paradigm (see Rinpoche's adjoined paper), followed by Lene Handberg's introduction to an implementation of the Unity in Duality Paradigm to personal development and psychotherapy; Secondly, the lecture of our special Guest of Honour, His Holiness the Dalai Lama; Third, the lectures of the invited scientists.
(For the actual content of the papers presented at the conference we refer to the book on the Unity in Dualty Conference, Munich 02)